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The Ailanthus Altissima Tree has many names. It is also known as the False Varnish Tree, Japan Varnish Tree, Tree of Heaven and Tree of the Gods. Native to Asia, this is a fast growing deciduous tree with highly attractive foliage. In spring, the Tree of Heaven will erupt into red fern-like foliage bringing a welcome change after a dull winter. The foliage is pinnate, fern-like and feathery. Leaves will grow to 60 centimetres in length with around 30 ‘feathers’ constructing one pinnate leaf. Small green flower clusters are followed by red, winged fruit that will sometimes develop in late summer. In the winter months foliage will fall leaving an attractive structural framework behind. The Ailanthus Altissima will grow to a height of well over twelve metres and spread over eight metres. It will take 20 to 50 years to reach these proportions, making it particularly fast-growing tree.
How Hardy Is Ailanthus Altissima The Tree of Heaven is hardy throughout the UK and Europe. Young trees need protection from freezing winds in exposed sites of the northern and central UK regions.
How To Use Ailanthus Altissima Ailanthus Altissima works well as a statement tree. Its foliage and architectural form quickly adds interest to an open lawn or a border. It will need plenty of room to grow, so avoid placing it in a flower border or small enclosed space. The Tree of Heaven makes an effective summer screen from overlooking neighbours and provides shade in a garden that needs some respite from the sun. Try pairing Ailanthus Altissima with a group of japanese acers for a dramatic spring to late autumn foliage display, and in winter drape some solar lights through its attractive branches.
How To Care For Ailanthus Altissima The Tree of Heaven grows best in well-drained but moist soil. It is not fussy about pH or soil types, growing equally well in chalk, clay, sand or loam. Very little care or maintenance is required from the Ailanthus Altissima tree. It spreads via suckers, so you will need to keep on top of removing these. You can prune your specimen lightly to remove dead or crossed branches, but the Tree of Heaven is a species that forms a naturally beautiful frame. Harsh pruning may even spoil its shape and growth
The Ailanthus Altissima is a good buy for someone who is looking for a rapidly growing statement tree. It provides unusual attractive foliage and fruits in exchange for very little care.